What Is CD Ratio?

Are you curious to know what is CD ratio? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about CD ratio in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is CD ratio?

In the realm of finance, various ratios and indicators help us assess the performance and stability of financial institutions. One such indicator is the CD ratio, which stands for Credit-Deposit ratio. The CD ratio is a crucial metric used to evaluate the lending and borrowing activities of banks and financial institutions. It provides valuable insights into the utilization of deposits and the overall health of the banking system. In this blog post, we will explore the concept of CD ratio, its significance, and how it impacts the financial landscape.

What Is CD Ratio?

The Credit-Deposit (CD) ratio is a financial ratio that measures the extent to which banks or financial institutions lend out the deposits they have received from customers. It is expressed as a percentage and represents the proportion of loans disbursed by a bank in relation to its total deposits. The CD ratio is an indicator of the bank’s lending activities and its ability to manage credit risk.

Significance Of CD Ratio:

  1. Liquidity Management: The CD ratio helps banks manage their liquidity by assessing the proportion of deposits that are being utilized for lending purposes. A high CD ratio indicates that a significant portion of deposits is being deployed for loans, potentially reducing the liquidity available for immediate withdrawal by depositors.
  2. Credit Risk Assessment: The CD ratio provides insights into the credit risk exposure of a bank. A high CD ratio suggests that the bank has a higher level of lending activity, which increases the potential credit risk. On the other hand, a low CD ratio indicates underutilization of deposits and may indicate a conservative lending approach.
  3. Economic Growth Indicator: The CD ratio can serve as an indicator of the overall economic growth of a country or region. A high CD ratio is often associated with a robust economy, as it indicates increased business activity and investment. Conversely, a low CD ratio may indicate economic slowdown or lack of credit demand.
  4. Banking System Stability: The CD ratio is crucial in assessing the stability of the banking system. An excessively high CD ratio may indicate potential risks, such as over-lending or a concentration of loans in certain sectors. Conversely, a low CD ratio may suggest a lack of credit availability and hinder economic growth.

Factors Affecting CD Ratio:

  1. Monetary Policy: The monetary policy set by the central bank, such as interest rates and reserve requirements, influences the lending and deposit behavior of banks. Lower interest rates may encourage borrowing and increase the CD ratio, while higher interest rates may discourage borrowing and decrease the ratio.
  2. Economic Conditions: Economic factors, including GDP growth, business investment, and consumer demand, impact the demand for credit. During periods of economic expansion, the CD ratio tends to rise as businesses and individuals seek funds for investment and consumption.
  3. Risk Perception: Banks’ perception of credit risk influences their lending decisions. If banks perceive higher credit risks, they may exercise caution and maintain a lower CD ratio to mitigate potential losses.


The Credit-Deposit (CD) ratio is a crucial financial indicator that provides valuable insights into a bank’s lending activities and overall financial health. By analyzing the CD ratio, stakeholders can assess liquidity management, credit risk exposure, and the stability of the banking system. The CD ratio serves as a reflection of economic conditions and provides valuable information for policymakers, regulators, and investors. Understanding and monitoring the CD ratio enables a comprehensive assessment of a bank’s lending practices and their implications for the wider economy.

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What Is Good CD Ratio?

It is a ratio that shows us the amount of money raised as a deposit and how much of the deposit has been given as a loan to the customers. For banks, a good credit-deposit ratio is between 65 and 75.

How Is CD Ratio Calculated?

The credit-to-deposit (CTD) or loan-to-deposit ratio (LTD) is used for measuring a bank’s liquidity by dividing the bank’s total loans disbursed by the total deposits received. It indicates how much of a bank’s core funds are being used for lending which is the main banking activity.

What Is The CD Ratio To Be Maintained By Banks?

As instructed by NRB, banks should maintain CD ratio within 90 percent.

What Is The Average CD Ratio?

Suresh Khatanhar, deputy MD at IDBI Bank, said with the average CD ratio currently at around 75%, there is still headroom for banks to support credit growth.


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